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ЗАДАНИЯ ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ И ЛЕКСИКЕ

Тренировочное задание 1.

Задание 1. Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

Pablo Picasso

18

Many people realized that Pablo Picasso was a genius but he disappoint­ed those who wanted______________ to become a traditional painter.

HE

19

He was always breaking the rules of artistic traditions and shocked public with his strange and powerful pictures. He is probably _____________ known for his ‘Cubist’ pictures, which used only simple geometric shapes.

GOOD

20

His paintings of people often___________ up of triangles and squares with their features in the wrong place.

MAKE

21

His work changed our ideas about art and, nowadays, to millions of people modern art the work of Picasso.

MEAN

George Bernard Shaw

22

George Bernard Shaw, an outstanding Irish playwright and critic, ________ in Dublin on July 26, 1856 to a poor protestant family.

BEAR

23

Later the family__________ to London. There he started writing

MOVE

24

novels and plays. Between 1892 and 1930 he___________ over twenty plays, both tragedies and comedies.

WRITE

25

One of the___________ plays is ‘Pygmalion’. In many countries of the

POPULAR

26

world this play always_________a great success with the public.

BE

Задание 2. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

Difficult Problems

27

The use of animals for____________ purposes is a difficult ethical problem. Many people owe their lives to modern drugs or surgical techniques

SCIENCE

28

that first were tested on animals. Some of these____________ would not have been possible without animal experiments. People who campaign for

DEVELOP

29

animal rights are usually young and____________, and have not yet needed

HEALTH

30

the benefits of medical progress. Perhaps it is ethically________ to sacrifice animals for the sake of medical research, as long as the animals do not suffer.

ACCEPT

31

But that___________ point of view rises another difficult question:

THEORY

32

what can be considered as ?

SUFFER

Keys.


Тренировочное задание 2.

Задание 1. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

Celebrating Mother’s Day

18

One of the____________ ways to celebrate Mother’s Day is to give your mom the day off.

GOOD

19

Let her take it easy and relax while all the other members of

the family___________ the work.

DO

20

Many families begin Mother’s Day with breakfast in bed. Dad and the kids think that it______________ the most pleasant and healthy way to let mom sleep

BE

21

late as they go to the kitchen and prepare her favourite meal. It can consist of anything your mom______________.

LIKE

22

After the food ______________, try to do your best to arrange everything nicely on the tray.

COOK

23

Don’t forget the vase with the single flower. When everything __________ ready, carefully carry the tray to the bedroom.

BE

24

Cards and small presents from the______________ can be placed on the tray before it is

CHILD

25

presented to mom, who at that moment ____________ soundly and is not woken up either by the alarm clock or by the noise from the kitchen.

SLEEP

26

If you are eager to show what you______________ already and can’t wait any longer, switch quietly mom’s favourite music on and enjoy the results of your surprise preparations.

DO

Задание 2. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

Reading Books Nowadays

27

In an epoch of technical progress, reading books is losing its value. Little by little radio, television and internet are beginning to force books from our______________ life.

DAY

28

If in the past a lot of the greatest poets and writers,

such as Pushkin, Yesenin, Bulgakov created their works, in our days such masters of words are absent. We begin to consider some detective and love stories of poor quality as ‘literary works’. It’s a big_________________ for all mankind.

ADVANTAGE

29

A book is a_____________ friend for a man. Reading is the thing which helps us to develop our soul, teaches us to get to know our life.

FAITH

30

The heroes of books, by their examples, help us to avoid mistakes. A good book is a wise company, which can give us____________ advice.

USE

31

Reading develops our memory; our speech becomes richer, more literate and_______________.

EXPRESS

32

Reading books in a foreign languages, we can get to know the culture and traditions of native _______________, improve our language and broaden our outlook.

SPEAK

Keys.


Для дальнейшей подготовки к выполнению заданий раздела "Чтение" рекомендуем обратиться к следующим пособиям:

Гудкова, Л.М., Терентьева О.В. ОГЭ 2019. Английский язык. 10 тренировочных вариантов экзаменационных работ. М.: 2018. 112 с.

Веселова, Ю.С. ОГЭ 2018. Английский язык. Комплекс материалов для подготовки учащихся. М.: 2018. 128 с., CD.

Музланова, Е.С. ОГЭ-2018. Английский язык. 20 тренировочных вариантов заданий для подготовки к устной части ОГЭ. М.: 2018. 96 с.

Манн, М., Тейлор-Ноулз, С. ОГЭ по английскому языку. Практическая подготовка. М.: 2017. - 88 с.